Coffee berries, which contain the coffee bean, are produced by several species of small evergreen bush. The two most commonly grown species are Coffea canephora (also known as Coffea robusta) and Coffea arabica.
Once ripe, coffee berries are picked, processed, and dried. The seeds are then roasted, undergoing several physical and chemical changes. They are roasted to varying degrees, depending on the desired flavor. They are then ground and brewed to create coffee.
Coffee trees grow to heights above 15 feet. They are normally pruned to around 8 feet in order to facilitate harvesting.
The coffee tree produces its first full crop when it is about 5 years old. Thereafter it produces consistently for 15 or 20 years.